There's more than just eating healthy for maintaining weight. Eating a wide range of foods is important in the consumption of all the necessary vitamins and minerals that are needed for bodily functions. Both Vitamins and Minerals can occur in the body, however in certain foods is where we where some of them are present. Good nutrition is about a balance of energy in versus energy out as well as decreasing the risk of diet related diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.
Here are just a list of some of the important vitamins and minerals that our bodies need that come from a healthy diet. Again, a diet lacking in these will often result in deficiency, impairing body functions in a number of areas.
- Iron: Iron is important as it is required by red blood cells and helps move oxygen around the body. A deficiency in iron is common in females, and can lead to fatigue, weakness, palour and can lead to anaemia. Foods rich in iron include red meet, beans and dark leafy vegetables
- Calcium: important for bone health and the prevention of fractures and osteoporosis in later years. Foods rich in calcium include milk, dark leafy greens and soy
- Vitamin A: did you know that Vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of blindness in the world? Vitamin A is important for eye health and is found in foods such as sweet potatoes, carrots, broccoli and spinach
- Folic Acid: helps in the formation of red blood cels and in the prevention of CNS deformities. Recommended especially for women trying to conceive and in the early stages of pregnancy to reduce CNS deformities like spina bifida. Foods rich in folic acid include lentils, dark leavy greens and avocado.
- Potassium: important in fluid balance, electrical and neural signals in the body as well. Foods rich in potassium include bananas, leafy greens, beans and carrots.
So it does pay off to eat your greens!
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